It’s a moment for humans to adopt the right course of action to protect the planet from the aforementioned environmental issues. If we do not act now, the negative effects of these issues will certainly impede our existence in the near term.
The earth is an ecosystem of nature, referred to as an Ecosystem that includes the entire human race, all plants, mountains, glaciers, the atmosphere, rocks, galaxy enormous oceans, and seas. Also, it includes natural resources like electric charge, water, magnetic field, fire, air, and climate.
The modern technologies employed in the manufacturing and engineering industries have hugely influenced our daily lives over the last few years.
Due to the rapid advancements in the manufacturing and engineering sector, there have been significant environmental modifications. Innovations in engineering have led to the depletion of resources and the destruction of the environment.
The manufacturing and engineering sector has seen a rise in substances like metals, oil, plastic, and rubber.
These materials are used to make various end-products connected to various industries like car manufacturing units shipping, cotton factories, industries of plastics heavy machinery, coal mining, and more that are causing numerous negative impacts and are considered not environmentally friendly.
Environmental issues that are crucial to our lives are no longer an excuse game. As we all complain about polluted environments, smelly garbage, or contaminated water, we don’t realize that it’s “us” who are responsible for these unfortunate circumstances that lead to environmental problems that need to be addressed.
Top 5 environmental Issue
1. Environmental, water and Pollution of the Land
Over half of humanity knows about Pollution. However, we’re not yet ready to confront its harmful effects. Pollution is not restricted to the soil, water, and noise but has expanded to light, visual points, sources that are not point-based. Humans, as well as their activities, are primarily accountable for all forms of Pollution.
Pollution from water is mostly caused by Pollution from oil spills, urban runoff, and the dumping of oceans. Air pollution is caused by the burning of fossil fuels and hydraulic fracturing, and the emissions of vehicles. Pollution of soil and water is most often the result of industrial waste.
2. Climate Change – Climate Crisis
Climate change nowadays is not a natural phenomenon. It is accelerating because of the negative impacts of human activities that are which are responsible for the disturbing and destructive consequences like global warming, greenhouse impact urban heat, the coal industry, and many more.
The climate change process alters the overall climate and has more extensive and negative impacts.
These include melting of the areas of the polar region, the development of new illnesses, and the permanent slowing of the growth of some plants that are essential to the survival of humans.
3. Global Warming
global warming is an additional environmental issue that causes an increase in the earth’s temperature because of the effects of greenhouse gases like methane, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and various gases.
They have a heat-trapping capability that helps create a greenhouse effect to ensure that our planet is warm enough so that people can live. In the absence of these gases, the planet could become cold enough for life to survive.
Over the last several years, the amount of greenhouse gases has increased rapidly, and this means that more heat is trapped within the atmosphere, and a small amount of them escapes to space. These gases cause heat to rise on the surface of the earth, and this causes global warming.
According to NOAA, The average temperature of the earth has increased in the range of 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit (0.8 degrees Celsius) in the last century.
Global warming is a significant environmental and public health concern. Global warming could cause long-lasting damage that could cause melt of glaciers and climate changes, droughts, diseases, and increased hurricane frequency.
4. Deforestation & Logging
With the growing population at an alarming rate, the need to eat, sleep, and clothing has nearly tripled in the past couple of years. To satisfy the increasing demands, we have become aware of a specific step in the term ” Deforestation” takes place.
Deforestation refers to clearing green or forest cover to make purposes of industrial, agricultural, or urban use. The term describes the continuous removal of forest cover to make the land suitable for commercial, residential, or industrial uses.
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that 18.3 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of the forest is lost every year.
The long-term consequences of forest destruction could be devastating and alarming, as they could result in soil erosion, floods, an increase in global warming and climate change, animal extinction, and other environmental problems that are serious.
It is a constant human tragedy that is the cause of many environmental problems of all kinds. Resources crisis, water pollution, gender imbalance, and urban sprawling, land pollution, and deforestation, as well as over-production are just a few examples of the harmful effects caused by overpopulation.
Despite the efforts made by the government to promote family planning in a variety of countries, the issue of overpopulation is hard to manage on an international scale.
It is now more of an issue of subjective nature, and there is no way to be completely effective in solving population growth.