What is the relationship between depression and sleep?

Depression and sleep can impact the other. Overly tiredness can significantly influence one’s mental health, and a person suffering from depression might have difficulty sleeping.

According to the National Sleep Foundation (NSF). When a person struggles with a sleep disorder, their symptoms of depression tend to become more severe.

This article will explore the relationship between depression and sleep, as well as possible treatments.

What are their connections?

According to a scientific journal, sleep loss could cause neurological changes within the brain trusted Source could cause depression. Researchers have also suggested that depression can cause disturbances in sleep patterns.

In a study published in The journal BMC PsychiatryTrusted Source. Sleep deprivation or poor quality sleep can result in mood, thinking, and feelings changes.

Researchers in this study found that sleeping problems could trigger a person’s anxiety response more often. Stress may also cause the growth of depression.

Does depression affect sleep?

In the words of the NSF, as symptoms of depression and sleep disorders are often inextricably linked. It is possible to misdiagnose them.

Numerous sleep disorders can cause a person to experience depression. But depression can cause a person to feel exhausted to the point of exhaustion. This is known in the field of the condition of excessive sleepiness during the day (EDS).

According to a study on females which was a follow-up of 10 years from previous research. Depression is a significant reason for EDS.

EDS could have detrimental effects on people’s cognitive or behavioral functions. These knock-on effects may hinder a person’s enjoyment of living.

Does sleep affect depression?

A lack of sleep can hinder the ability of a person to concentrate and can result in a person having more difficulty managing their emotions. All of these factors can be a contributing factors to depression.

Depression and sleep apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an illness that causes people to experience breathing problems when they sleep. OSA and depression are believed to have a connection.

According to researchers from the Trusted Source According to researchers trusted Source.So 18% of patients suffering from significant depressive disorders also have OSA as well as 17.6 percent of people suffering from OSA are also suffering from depression.

OSA can also make someone feel exhausted throughout the day because they have not had a good night’s sleep. EDS and feeling tired could indicate that a person might be suffering from OSA.

An article in the journal Sleep Medicine Reviews reports that people with OSA are likely to report anxiety and depression, too.

Depression and insomnia

Insomnia is a type of sleep disorder that causes trouble falling asleep or remaining asleep. A majority of 20-35% of the population suffers from insomnia-related symptoms at some time during their lives.

As per the NSF, people with insomnia have a 10 % higher likelihood of being depressed than those who are reported to be sleeping well.

The NSF also suggests that those who struggle to go to sleep. A condition doctors refer to as sleep-onset insomnia, and maintaining their sleep. Also known as insomnia that causes sleep maintenance are those most likely to suffer from depression.

A meta-analysis by Trusted of a meta-analysis comprising 34 research studies that included 172,000 participants showed a positive correlation between depression and insomnia.

Researchers concluded that insomnia could cause depression and suggested that preventing insomnia has the potential to decrease depression.

A review from the year 2019 review trusted Source finds two-way interaction between sleep disorders like insomnia and depression. They believe that sleep disorders can be an indicator of the development of depression.


Treatment for depression-related sleep disorders and other symptoms may differ based on the specific type of sleep disorder.

Research published in the publication Dialogues Clinical NeurosciencesTrusted Source suggests that if one’s sleeping problems don’t improve following treatments for depression. The person needs to consult their physician and look for other options.

People suffering from OSA might benefit from an airway pressure continuous positive (CPAP) device that can reduce breathing problems when sleeping.

The NSF study found that individuals with OSA wear the CPAP mask over one year they noticed an improvement in the symptoms of depression.

Medical Information

Doctors may prescribe medicines for treating sleep disorders and depression. The doctor will decide on the medication type following a thorough examination of the patient and the symptoms.

Some medications comprise:

  • mood stabilizers, like carbamazepine, for instance.
  • selective serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), for example, sertraline or fluoxetine.
  • tricyclic antidepressants such as nortriptyline or amitriptyline

Doctors are not usually able to prescribe antidepressants that are soothing to people suffering from OSA since they can cause breathing problems and cause OSA to worse.


A person can get cognitive treatment for behavioral disorders (CBT) to combat insomnia and depression. CBT is a treatment method that focuses on identifying behaviors and thoughts that cause or worsen depression.

Lifestyle changes and natural cures

Although lifestyle changes alone might not be enough to treat insomnia and depression. Some lifestyle changes could make a person sleepy or feel more relaxed.

They include:

  • drinking warm beverages before going to bed, and having milk
  • doing more exercise in the daytime, but not too close to the time of bed.
  • taking melatonin supplements
  • Keeping the bedroom cool
  • asleep in a dark place
  • eating a healthful diet
  • Engaging in a practice
  • Reducing alcohol consumption

You can also talk with their therapist or doctor about specific interventions that can improve their sleep.

When is the best time to visit a doctor?

It is recommended that anyone seek medical attention immediately when they are experiencing thoughts of self-harm or suicide.

The person who needs help should seek it out If they fall into the following categories:

  • experiencing EDS
  • having mood swings or changes in changes in personality
  • feeling helpless or despair

Sleep issues and depression are two disorders that often occur in tandem, and one may contribute to both.

If someone is suffering from symptoms related to one condition (or both), they must consult their physician. Assistance is available to enhance a person’s overall level of living.

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